The Role of Monarchy in the Political Modernization of Japan

“The Japanese executive is one of the oldest political structures now in existence. Fred Riggs has observed that ‘once established, structures have a tendency to survive despite changes in their functions’. The imperial institution of Japan has survived for nearly two thousand years while the social, economic and political infrastructures have undergone evolutionary and revolutionary change. Japan’s imperial throne has done more than survive modernization: it has play a positive role in political modernization-that is, in the establishment of a stable and effective government”